The Bible is the account of God's action and purpose with all creation. The writing of the Bible took place over 1,600 years by more than forty human authors. It's a collection of 66 books with different styles all containing the message God desired us to have.
The Bible is ...
The word “Bible” comes from the Latin and Greek words meaning “book,” a fitting name, since the Bible is the book for all people, for all time. It’s a book like no other, in a class by itself.
Sixty-six different books comprise the Bible. They include books of law, such as Leviticus and Deuteronomy; historical books, such as Ezra and Acts; books of poetry, such as Psalms and Ecclesiastes; books of prophecy, such as Isaiah and Revelation; biographies, such as Matthew and John; and epistles (formal letters) such as Titus and Hebrews.
Who Wrote The Bible?
About 40 different human authors contributed to the Bible, which was written over a period of about 1500 years. The authors were kings, fishermen, priests, government officials, farmers, shepherds, and doctors. From all this diversity comes an incredible unity, with common themes woven throughout.
The Bible’s unity is due to the fact that, ultimately, it has one Author—God Himself. The Bible is “God-breathed” (2 Timothy 3:16). The human authors wrote exactly what God wanted them to write, and the result was the perfect and holy Word of God (Psalm 12:6; 2 Peter 1:21).
The Bible's two parts?
The Bible is divided into two main parts: the Old Testament and the New Testament. In short, the Old Testament
is the story of a nation, and the New Testament is the story of a Man. The nation was God’s way of bringing the
Man—Jesus Christ—into the world.
The Old Testament describes the founding and preservation of the nation of Israel. God promised to use Israel
to bless the whole world (Genesis 12:2-3). Once Israel was established as a nation, God raised up a family
within that nation through whom the blessing would come: the family of David (Psalm 89:3-4). Then, from the
family of David was promised one Man who would bring the promised blessing (Isaiah 11:1-10).
The New Testament details the coming of that promised Man. His name was Jesus, and He fulfilled the
prophecies of the Old Testament as He lived a perfect life, died to become the Savior, and rose from the dead.
Old Testament Books
Written by the Prophets, Moses, David, Isaiah, Ezra, etc.
- Pentateuch - 5 books:
- Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy
- Historical Books - 12 books:
- Joshua, Judges, Ruth, First Samuel, Second Samuel, First Kings, Second Kings, First Chronicles, Second Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther.
- Poetical - 5 books:
- Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon
- Prophetical - 17 books:
- Major Prophets - Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel;
- Minor Prophets - Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
New Testament Books
Written by those who knew Jesus or were under the guidance of those who did
- Historical Books - 5 books:
- Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Acts
- Pauline Epistles - 13 books:
- Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians. 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon
- Non-Pauline Epistles - 9 books:
- Hebrews, James, 1 Peter, 2 Peter, 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, Jude, Revelation
Note: Some authors attribute Hebrews to Paul.
The Bible's main character?
Jesus is the central character in the Bible—the whole book is really about Him. The Old Testament predicts
His coming and sets the stage for His entrance into the world. The New Testament describes His coming and
His work to bring salvation to our sinful world.
Jesus is more than a historical figure; in fact, He is more than a man. He is God in the flesh, and His
coming was the most important event in the history of the world. God Himself became a man in order to give
us a clear, understandable picture of who He is. What is God like? He is like Jesus; Jesus is God in human
form (John 1:14, 14:9).